The Italian town of Gallipoli is situated towards the southern tip of Puglia Apulia in south-east Italy. Note: this town has no connection with Gallipoli in Turkey, well known for an extensive battle in the First World War.
Atlas - Near Gallipoli Castle - Junior Suite
Gallipoli is a popular fishing port and beach destination on the Salento peninsula. Whilst it is popular with Italians it is not well known with tourists and so it is possible to enjoy a more 'authentic' Italy holiday. For the purpose of your visit it is useful to realise that Gallipoli is divided into two zones, the 'Old Town' and the New Town. The old town is built on an island which is now connected to the mainland by a bridge and it is this part that holds the most interest for visitors. The Corso Roma divides the new city into two parts, which are called Sirocco and Tramontana.
This used to be connected to the mainland via a drawbridge. The castle is to the east of the city and dates from the 14th century although it has undergone major changes, additions and renovations since.
This work was carried out to the design of Sienese architect Francesco di Giorgio Martini The castle remained unchanged until the second half of the 19th century when, in the area towards the city, the moat was filled in and the arches that supported the drawbridge were buried. Today, Gallipoli Castle still has this square base and four towers at the corners: the fifth tower, during the summer months, is used as a movie theatre, while exhibitions and other cultural events are organized in the large halls.
Among the religious buildings to discover in Gallipoli the most important is the Cathedral of Saint Agata. Several centuries earlier, on the same site, there was another church, first dedicated to Saint John Chrysostom and then, fromto St.
Agata but this church was destroyed.
The interior of the cathedral has a Latin cross form with three naves intermixed with two rows of Doric columns and an altar of polychrome marble. In the two aisles stand 12 minor altars. As well as many impressive art works there are numerous relics of Saints preserved in the cathedral.
There are many churches in Gallipoli with interesting features, here we highlight just a few of the most noteworthy. John the Evangelist and Pietro Martire". The Church is the seat of the confraternity of the Rosary, founded by the tailors masters of Gallipoli. The Church of St. The interior includes a carved presbytery with paintings depicting the "Holy Family". The Church of Saint Clare was built at the end of the 16th century with an adjoining monastery and dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul.
Peter and Paul, St. Francis and St. A visit to the Civic Museum of Gallipoli, founded incan also be interesting to visitors. The museum doesn't really have a particular theme but presents a variety of objects best described as eclectic such as coins, weapons, terrestrial and marine molluscs from around the world, corals and specimens of fish and shellfish, beetles, birds and small pets. Be sure to visit the pretty fishing port. This is an active fishing port and you will see the boats coming in and out with their catch and fishermen sat by their boats mending nets.
This is a great place to find a restaurant for lunch - especially if you want fish. Sea Urchins are a speciality of the town. The Mercantile Port has an area of 80, square meters and develops along a part of the old town.Gallipoli Castle, washed by the Ionian Sea, watches over the centre of the so called nice town.
The castle, stronghold of the town of Gallipoliis completely surrounded by the sea. The stronghold used to be probably separated by the surrounding land. Gallipoli Castle has recently become a popular location which is open and working all year round. Have a great time with your family. Historical notes. Follow us on. Visit area. Gallipoli Castle. Leonardo D'Angelo.
Having fun with children Have a great time with your family. The castle dates back to the 13th- 14th century, but the town used to have a stronghold already during Roman time, together with towers enlarged by the Byzantines and by the Normans. The Angevins and the Aragonese modified the structure of the fortress, but Francesco di Giorgio Martini was the one who made important changes.
During the 19th century the moat was filled up and the arches which used to support the lift bridge were filled in. The tower Vedettatopped by merlons, has a polygonal shape.
The other towers are surrounded by a string course and are decorated with small arches. The eastern curtain, the Rivellinois a fifth circular tower separated from the rest of the walls and has not been renovated yet. Inside it, there are large rooms with barrel and cross vaults. Recommended to tourists visiting Puglia for Browse the map.Lack of sufficient intelligence and knowledge of the terrain, along with a fierce Turkish resistance, hampered the success of the invasion.
By mid-October, Allied forces had suffered heavy casualties and had made little headway from their initial landing sites. Evacuation began in Decemberand was completed early the following January. With World War I stalled on the Western Front bythe Allied Powers were debating going on the offensive in another region of the conflict, rather than continuing with attacks in Belgium and France. In response, the Allies decided to launch a naval expedition to seize the Dardanelles Straits, a narrow passage connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara in northwestern Turkey.
If successful, capture of the straits would allow the Allies to link up with the Russians in the Black Sea, where they could work together to knock Turkey out of the war. Spearheaded by the first lord of the British Admiralty, Winston Churchill over the strong opposition of the First Sea Lord Admiral John Fisher, head of the British Navythe naval attack on the Dardanelles began with a long-range bombardment by British and French battleships on February 19, Turkish forces abandoned their outer forts but met the approaching Allied minesweepers with heavy fire, stalling the advance.
Under tremendous pressure to renew the attack, Admiral Sackville Carden, the British naval commander in the region, suffered a nervous collapse and was replaced by Vice-Admiral Sir John de Robeck. On March 18, 18 Allied battleships entered the straits; Turkish fire, including undetected mines, sank three of the ships and severely damaged three others.
In the wake of the failed naval attack, preparations began for largescale troop landings on the Gallipoli Peninsula. Meanwhile, the Turks boosted their defenses under the command of the German general Liman von Sanders, who began positioning Ottoman troops along the shore where he expected the landings would take place.
On April 25,the Allies launched their invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula. The latter site was later dubbed Anzac Cove, in honor of the Australian and New Zealand troops who fought so valiantly against determined Turkish defenders to establish the beachhead there.
After the initial landing, the Allies were able to make little progress from their initial landing sites, even as the Turks gathered more and more troops on the peninsula from both the Palestine and Caucasus fronts. In an attempt to break the stalemate, the Allies made another major troop landing on August 6 at Suvla Bay, combined with a northwards advance from Anzac Cove towards the heights at Sari Bair and a diversionary action at Helles.
The surprise landings at Suvla Bay proceeded against little opposition, but Allied indecision and delay stalled their progress in all three locations, allowing Ottoman reinforcements to arrive and shore up their defenses.
In mid-October, Hamilton argued that a proposed evacuation of the peninsula would cost up to 50 percent casualties; British authorities subsequently recalled him and installed Sir Charles Monro in his place. The British government authorized the evacuation to begin from Suvla Bay on December 7; the last troops left Helles on January 9, In all, someAllied forces took part in the Gallipoli Campaign, at a cost of more thancasualties, including some 46, dead.
On the Turkish side, the campaign also cost an estimatedcasualties, with 65, killed. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Battle of the Somme, which took place from July to Novemberbegan as an Allied offensive against German forces on the Western Front and turned into one of the most bitter and costly battles of World War I. British forces suffered more than 57, casualties—including Following the Second Battle of the Marne, the Allies launched an attack in August with a force of 75, men, more than tanks and nearly 2, planes.
The offensive achieved huge gainsThe peninsula runs in a south-westerly direction into the Aegean Sea, between the Dardanelles formerly known as the Hellespontand the Gulf of Saros formerly the bay of Melas.
In antiquityit was protected by the Long Wall    a defensive structure built across the narrowest part of the peninsula near the ancient city of Agora. The isthmus traversed by the wall was only 36 stadia in breadth  about 6. The peninsula was renowned for its wheat. It also benefited from its strategic importance on the main route between Europe and Asiaas well as from its control of the shipping route from Crimea. The city of Sestos was the main crossing-point on the Hellespont.
Then, settlers from Ancient Greecemainly of Ionian and Aeolian stock, founded about 12 cities on the peninsula in the 7th century BC. He took authority over the entire peninsula, building up its defences against incursions from the mainland. It eventually passed to his nephew, the more famous Miltiades the Youngeraround BC. The Persians were eventually expelled, after which the peninsula was for a time ruled over by Athens, which enrolled it into the Delian League in BC.
The Athenians established a number of cleruchies on the Thracian Chersonese and sent an additional 1, settlers around BC.
Sparta gained control after the decisive battle of Aegospotami in BC, but the peninsula subsequently reverted to the Athenians. It was eventually ceded to Philip in BC. Lysimachus established his capital Lysimachia here. It was subsequently made a state-owned territory ager publicus and during the reign of the emperor Augustus it was imperial property.
In AD, Attila the Hun invaded the Gallipoli Peninsula during one of the last stages of his grand campaign that year. He captured both Callipolis and Sestus. During the night between 1 and 2 Marcha strong earthquake destroyed the city of Gallipoli and its city walls, weakening its defenses. Within a month after the devastating earthquake the Ottomans besieged and captured the town of Gallipoli, making it the first Ottoman stronghold in Europe and the staging area for Ottoman expansion across the Balkans.
The Greeks living there were allowed to continue their everyday activities. In the 19th century, Gallipoli Turkish : Gelibolu was a district kaymakamlik in the Vilayet of Adrianoplewith about thirty thousand inhabitants: comprising Greeks, Turks, Armenians and Jews.
Gallipoli became a major encampment for British and French forces in during the Crimean Warand the harbour was also a stopping-off point between the western Mediterranean and Istanbul formerly Constantinople. In March British and French engineers constructed an Gallipoli did not experience any more wars until the First Balkan Warwhen the Battle of Bulair and several minor skirmishes took place there.
A dispatch on 7 July reported that Ottoman troops treated Gallipoli's Greeks "with marked depravity" as they "destroyed, looted, and burned all the Greek villages near Gallipoli".
The cause of this savagery in the part of the Turks was their fear that if Thrace was declared autonomous the Greek population might be found numerically superior to the Muslims. The Turkish Government, under the pretext that a village was within the firing line, ordered its evacuation within three hours.
The residents abandoned everything they possessed, left their village and went to Gallipoli. Seven of the Greek villagers who stayed two minutes later than the three-hour limit allowed for the evacuation were shot by the soldiers. After the end of the Balkan War the exiles were allowed to return. But as the Government allowed only the Turks to rebuild their houses and furnish them, the exiled Greeks were compelled to remain in Gallipoli.
During World War IFrench, British and colonial forces Australian, New Zealand, Newfoundland, Irish and Indian fought the Gallipoli campaign in and near the peninsula, seeking to secure a sea route to relieve their eastern ally, Russia. The Ottomans set up defensive fortifications along the peninsula and contained the invading forces. In earlyattempting to seize a strategic advantage in World War I by capturing Istanbul formerly Constantinoplethe British authorised an attack on the peninsula by French, British and British Empire forces.
Read our cookies policy. Ottoman Turkey fought in the war alongside Germany. In the Allies hoped to capture the Turkish capital of Constantinople modern-day Istanbul and make Turkey surrender. First they needed to gain control of the Dardanelles, a narrow water channel that led from the Mediterranean to Constantinople.
However, the Dardanelles was heavily defended, and Allied naval attacks on 19 February and 18 March both failed. On 25 April, British, Australian, and New Zealand troops landed in Gallipoli, while French troops tried to create a diversion to their south. In August, there was a second landing on Sulva Bay, also on the peninsula.
The Allies expected the area to be lightly defended but, with the help of Germany, the Turks has built strong defensive positions. The Germans had also provided them with modern pistols, rifles, and machine guns. As a result, the Allies were unable to move far from the beaches. As the months wore on the death rate increased. The Allies eventually withdrew in Januaryleaving Turkey still in control of the Dardanelles and still in the war. They were met with a very narrow beach and steep, sandy hills, which gave the men no cover.
They were under constant fire from the well-hidden Ottoman Turks above. The beach is now known as Anzac Cove as a sign of remembrance. Toggle text.Pugliathe heel of the boot, is home to numerous castles castelli in Italianthrowbacks to battles of yesteryear. The castles and medieval fortresses in Puglia date from as early as the 11th century and are popular amongst visitors to this southern Italy region.
Castles that are open to visitors often have minimal or no entrance fees, making them good places to visit for families and historians. Many of Puglia's castles are protected and preserved and some have been renovated to be used for housing art galleries or museums. Castel del Monte is a must-see for visitors as it is everything a castle should be. The castle is made up of a crown-like ring of rooms and buildings.
All of the rooms are connected and visitors proceed from one room to another around a central octagonal courtyard. Castel del Monte is open all year, with shorter hours in winter, and has a modest entrance fee.
Allow about an hour to visit it. The closest town is Andria, about 18 kilometers away. In the area are several masserieor manor houses, where you can stay such as Lama di Luna or Posta Santa Croce, near Trani. The castle features a working drawbridge, moat, and numerous ramparts.
It now houses the Museum of Gypsum Works, sculptures and artifacts of Puglian history, and temporary art exhibits. This waterfront castle near the harbor, just outside Bari's old town center, served to guard the city against attacks. Located in Bisceglie, on the Adriatic coastthis 27 meters tall Norman tower was originally designed as a sighting tower and stronghold surrounded by walls.
Built by Count Peter I in the Normans originally constructed only the first floor. Due to advances in weaponry the main tower, which became a last resort of refuge for local inhabitants in the event of an attack, was constructed later along with the castle. The tower is known by fisherman as the Torre Maestra and was used by seafarers as a guide for ships when entering the port. The castle now houses an ethnographic museum. Otranto's Castello Aragonese sits at the entrance to the town's historic center.
Although the original castle was built before the 15th century, the most recent restructuring is from the Aragonese period.
The castle complex has been restored and is open to visitors. Outside the castle, you can walk up to the top of the walls for great views of the town and the sea. It is believed that the first Gothic novel ever written, the Castle of Otranto written inwas inspired by this castle. Otranto is a charming town on the east coast of the Salento Peninsula and makes a good base for exploring the area.
Corte di Nettuno is a boutique hotel near the old town.Se hai intenzione di intervenire sul cache, una volta completata l'operazione per favore lasciatemi un messaggio con il numero waypoint GC relativo alla cache. Grazie per l'attenzione e per ogni ulteriore informazione ti prego di non esitare a contattarmi o attraverso il message center oppure inserendo un log in questo cache.
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Gallipoli and its Castle The Angevin Castle of Gallipoli is now considered one of very rare castles to be wet directly from the sea and its construction highlights the bold and high-tech engineering.
Located to defend the city and at the entrance of the bridge connecting the old town a real island! The Rivellino was built aroundafter the construction of the Castle. It's formed by a fortified tower wider and lower of 4 towers that are located at the corners of the Castle, and had the function of defending the city and control of traffic between the village and the mainland: at the top of the tower were catapults and cannons!
The bridge was built instead aroundbecause of repeated assaults by the city of pirates and brigands.